We analyze the relationship between temperature, electricity, air conditioning (AC) and CO2 emissions, and the sustainability of cooling in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Our finding in key policies and technologies will be important for the sustainable use of cooling in Saudi Arabia and beyond.

We study crude oil deposition on mineral surfaces (silica, clays, carbonates). Our goal is to outline and quantify chemical interactions responsible for asphaltene deposition from crude oil. To achieve this, we employ different experimental techniques starting from basic bulk adsorption method to one of the most advanced adsorption measurement tools, Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM).

We present an analytical solution for enhanced gas flow at the outlet of a micropore/network caused by additional influx from many connected nanopores.

We apply the percolation theory and discrete fracture network model to analyze the connectivity properties of the fractures in the reservoir.

We introduce a simple model of producing oil and solution gas from the horizontal hydrofractured wells that is consistent with the basic physics and geometry of the extraction process. We then apply our model to thousands of wells in the Eagle Ford, Bakken, and Permian shales.

We characterize the pore space in micritic carbonates with the epoxy pore casts​ to improve pore network understanding on carbonate reservoirs.

We establish that equilibrium reaction with calcite rock alters brine composition in the reservoir and demonstrate the importance of aqueous speciation. These findings extended to field conditions negate many of the proposed mechanisms of LSW.

We identify the microporosity types in the Jurassic and Cretaceous reservoirs of Saudi Arabia with due consideration to the origin and evolution of the host micrite and evaluate their impact on multi-phase fluid flow.

We determine the integrity of cement filling annulus behind fiberglass casing while the weakly magnetized cements are detected using induction logging.